Guess what Greenspan said on November 17 1992
This is then Federal Reserve chairman Alan Greenspan at the meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee on November 1992: "Let me put it to you this way. If you ask whether we are confirming our view to contain the success that we've had to date on inflation, the answer is "yes." I think that policy is implicit among the members of this Committee, and the specific instruments that we may be using or not using are really a quite secondary question. As I read it, there is no debate within this Committee to abandon our view that a non-inflationary environment is best for this country over the longer term. Everything else, once we've said that, becomes technical questions. I would say in that context that on the basis of the studies, we have seen that to drive nominal GDP, let's assume at 4-1/2 percent, in our old philosophy we would have said that [requires] a 4-1/2 percent growth in M2. In today's analysis, we would say it's significantly less than that. I'm basically arguing that we are really in a sense using [unintelligible] a nominal GDP goal of which the money supply relationships are technical mechanisms to achieve that. And I don't see any change in our view...and we will know they are convinced (about "price stability") when we see the 30-year Treasury at 5-1/2 percent." So in 1992 the chairman of the Federal Reserve was targeting 4.5% NGDP growth and 30-years yields at 5.5% and calling it "price stability". Imagine Ben Bernanke would announce tomorrow that he would conduct open market operations until he achieved the exact same target(s)? PS I got this from Robert Hetzel's great book on the history of the Fed "Monetary Policy of the Federal Reserve - A History".