"Our Monetary ills Laid to Puritanism"
Douglas Irwin has been so nice to send me an article from the New York Times from November 1 1931. It is a rather interesting article about the Swedish monetary guru Gustav Cassel's view of monetary policy and especially how he saw puritanism among monetary policy makers as the great ill. I had not read the article when I wrote my comment on Calvinist economics, but I guess my thinking is rather Casselian. The New York Times article is based on an article from the Swedish conservative Daily Svenska Dagbladet (the newspaper still exists). Professor Cassel claims that overly tight US monetary policy in the early 1930s is due to two "main ills": "deflation mania" and "liquidation fever". NYT quote Cassel: "The deeper psychological explanation of this whole movement..can without doubt be found in American Puritanism. This force assembled all its significant resources in what was considered a great moral attack on the diabolism of speculation. Each warning against deflation has stranded on fear on the part of Puritanism that a more liberal monetary policy might infuse new vigor in the spirit speculation." It isn't it scary how much this reminds you about how today's policy makers are scared of bubbles and inflation? I wonder what Gustav Cassel would tell the ECB to do today? Maybe here would just say: "That the deflation has meant the ruin of one business after another and forced many banks to suspend payments is a matter that little concerns the stern Puritan"..."on the contrary, it is highly approves proper punishment of speculation and thorough cleaning out of questionable business projects. It totals disregards the fact that deflation in itself by degrees adversely affects the finances of any enterprise and forces even sound business to ruin". Wouldn't it be a blessing if Cassel was around today to advise central bankers? And that they actually would listen...but of course if you are a puritan or what I termed a believer on Calvinist economics then you don't have to listen because all you want it just doom and pain to punish all the evil speculators.